Under Eye Dark Circles
Dark Circles is a very common worldwide problem affecting all ages and gender. For most people with this condition it is a major aesthetic concern as it makes one look stressed, ill, or older. It is difficult to treat primarily because it has multiple and diverse factors as the cause. Also known as periorbital hypermelanosis, it is a little more common in people of colour. The causes are:
Genetic- Often seen to be passed down from mother to daughter.
Constitutional- People with chronic low haemoglobin levels or lack of adequate hours of sleep.
Post inflammatory Hyperpigmentation- In atopic dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis the skin under the eyes is chronically irritated and the friction caused by constant rubbing creates the dark patches.
Periorbital oedema- Fluid retention under eyes.
Sub Cutaneous Vascularity- An increased number of thin capillaries under the eye area shows up as darker areas due to the pigment contained in the blood.
Shadowing due to skin laxity.
Tear troughs with age.
Dark circles treatment requires multimodal approach after identifying the primary concern.